DROPS from conversations, thoughts, speeches


   

Human origin, Language, evolution & preservation from extinction.
                      Origin of our ANCESTRAL Human being dates back to 20 lacks years at Mesapatomia,north Africa and Anatolia- (Present Iraq,Egypt, Turkey area). The great migration took place just around (mear) 1 lack years before to various places like present Indian continent and east, Mangolian area, siberian area etc,and finally to Europian area. And this migration led to the destruction of competitors (like Neanderthal etc,)and survival of the fittest. The settlers at various places started following certain distinguished customs, rituals and thus came into existence the different cultures and communities.Also evolution of brain-mind took place and each one expressed/exchanged their feelings orally and thus came into being the different 'human languages' -rather some sort of sound expressions(please note the other living beings already-billions of years ago-had their own way of communcation) . But the birth of the relatively modern languages is comparatively very recent - just around 6000 years ago (exact date can't be found)
                       The language apart from being a tool of communtcation is also intertwined with the speaker’s culure and mentality. Around 6000 years back nearly 21000 languages existed. But, alas, now after this 5 to 6 thousand years only around 7000 lanaguages exist !! 14000 languages lost in 5000 years. So what will happen in another 2 to 3 thousand years ???
                    The present existing 'around 7thousand' languages can be divided into roughly 100 ''language families'',whch share certain common characteristics (like the pattern of a, aa, i, ee......); it is generally easier to learn another language in the same 'language family'.
                    Of these 7000 languages 90% of the languages will be extinct by 2050, including Badugu, as per the estimate of UNESCO.  Most of the world's languages are spoken by small groups of people: Nearly 85% of the world's languages have fewer than 100,000 speakers. In the last 500 years, the disappearence was severe and nearly half of the world's languages have become extinct. According to a new study some languages are being spoken only by a single person. More than 500 languages are spoken by fewer than ten people each. One language dies in every two weeks.Today, many languages are in immediate danger of extinction. Researchers say the languages of the world are now vanishing faster than ever before.
                     Some organisations like UNESCO take efforts to record and save the endangered languages. But still the future of a language depends upon the use of the language by the existing and future generations. The days are not far away for the disintegration/disappearance of Badugu if it is 'UNUSED'. Evolution is natural and healthy but nonuse and substituting more words of other languages will certainly lead to death bed for the language. USE of their own SCRIPT, which is appropriate to their language's sound pattern is one of the ways to preserve their respective language.
                     To preserve the language one has to 1.use the the script in their language for day to day writings and communications among themselves ,2. Speak in their own language among the language circle  and 3. Write articles, songs and literature in their own language in  the appropriate script. SO,THE APPROPRIATE SCRIPT PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN THE PRESERVATION OF A LANGUAGE. 
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   Mr A, asked :- what is 'Service mind' ?

  Mr BM's answer :- 
              
In my experience, service mind is an inbuilt one or grown over years of experience and thinking, which has been there in any person from his/her childhood but at various degrees. Also the great people around and great histories also influence to an extent. My father a freedom fighter was a tough freedom fighter; he was a tough activist, so tough that he even once when i requested that urgently i needed rs. 20 to take DD (on the last date) for applying for syndicate bank, he told one sentence ‘’ you should earn  yourself’’. So i lost that opportunity.  Actually in my college days inthe evening i distribute paper covers made by me in the night (with kerosine lamp light); when i went to college (tamil medium – so only rs.1 was the fees) i wear the torn out cloth pinned at those places and with bare foot (no sweater no cap... though i was an asthma patient –no special treatment); but i had free NCC pant and shirt for Saturdays . When we have 10 paise we 3 close friends get one tea and share(one close friend was a thoreya brother and another was a tamilian). But still we together saved money and when it reached rs. 10  we used to give it to Ramakrushna mutt to be given to poor. Thus our service started. Just before the end of college term, i started asking job at the hotels and shops. I luckily got a job in a cloth shop(Jothi textiles, downfoor of ooty coffee house).  Even for writing Bank exam (in my home no one knows where i apply or where i eat )i went with rs. 35( rs. 25 saved by me from my cover selling and rs.10 donated by the then YBA  manager who encouraged and helped in spreading our Badugu script –in 1970s). I spent rs.10 for bus (to and fro) to cbe , rs.5 to lodge, rs. 20 for bank exam, no refreshments or even tea.. Why i tell this is just to explain the fact that at this situation also we friends did not hesitate to help others when we had rupees to spend.
               My father , in 1980s started the Nilgiri Badaga mahajana Sangha and went to Maelseeme (around 20kms from Hasanur, inside the forests, near Karnataka border, but in Erode district)  and planned to start a school there upto 5th. I was at Pandalur Bank at time and i used to go in some Sundays
Via Sathy (Saturday night stay at bus stand & in the morning to the junction next to Arepallam in Kollegal bus and from there had to walk around 15 kms, come back to hasanur and to Gundalpet in the night and by Monday morning by 10 am to pandalur). My brother took the resposibility of teaching there by staying there. Whenever i went there , i also taught them ....
          Our script was studied by some only through post. In 1991 this script appeared in Dinathanthi, and 15 people (14 Badugas from Kothagiri and one tamilian fromAvinasi)  studied via correspondence. All the Baduga assosiations had the script materials given by me (in fuuctions i used to take 1000s of copies and give freely).Only in 2012 i was introduced to FaceBook, by the then president of Erode Baduga Assn.
and by ‘God’s grace and will’ the script has spread widely including foreign countries. At this jucture Mr.Sathu , presidnt of Erode assn, started Baduga Saeve Sangha (Baduga Welfare Centre)-no president etc. –only members who are willing to serve and to spend out their own pockets. Thus started the gathering of service minded people in 2012. We on Gandhi jayanthi held prayers and sat under fast at Nanjanad for the unity among the warring factions; at coimbatore also  BWC was serving (no discrimination between cast and creed and sex) . Then some youngsters who learned the Badugu script
 started to visit hutties on all Sundays and  taught ; i also used to join them (coming from Cuddalur on saurday night and returning in the night of Sunday); they brought their own vehicles spending from their own pockets  just for the sake of pleasure of SERVICE-Service is pleasure and God.  Thus we have so far taught in 50 hatties. When we visited in 2012 and 2013  i was lucky to meet,for the first time,  the old students of 1991who told that they learned through correspondence in 1991s.  
                 One day i told our youngsters about Maelseeme, its beauty , remoteness, innocence of people and the self sustaining aggriculture and the thousands of herd and milk and pur ghee. They wanted to see and  i guided them. But alas !, the scenery was pathetic when we reached and saw them in 2013. (i was visitin after a gap of 30years); now they don’t have banda(herd) and have become loanees at the mercy of money lenders. Even the seeds were given for interest and the shop owner of the broker took all the produces. So we (at that time we were less than 15) decided to serve them by spending out of our pocket. We , first pooled rs. One lack to give to the Erode education dpt, to get upgradationof the school, then talked with the transport dpt, and buses were made to take the students upto the high school at Haasanoor (previously they walke 3 kms. From jn, surrounded by forest). Extra bus trip arrange. Then this came to known through FB to the whole world and like minded and service minded people started contributing and joining physically with us. Then we collected rs.4 lacks and gave them for aggri and purchased weighing machines and guided marketing directly. My father left 2 acres land there. We asked them to get rental for that and use for village fund. We also started a Sangha for them (Baduga Mahajana Sangha-Melseeme) & opened acconts for them in a  bank at Arypallam (around 20kms from Melseeme). We  named our assosiation Badugu Mahajana Sangha ooty. Registered only later- because we felt service is first.  We also conducted many medical camps at Melseeme and at a village inside Karnataka- PuNajanooru(when i went there recently asked for Madhiah ; then they revealed that he and other 2 were shot at point blank by Veerappan in a night time by 8 pm  Then the forest people stoped them from grazing their herd in the forests. Thus they were forced to sell their banda and became paupers.  At that time only some youngsters finished 10th and ony 4 or 5 were studying +2.   Some great selfless people adopted some students including some girl students. Kudos to those God like persons. Nakubetta tv covered us from the days we taught Badugu to service at Melseeme and many from Nilgiris also came to know about these.  Through FB many in foreign countries became aware of and started contributing both monetarily and physically.
    And lateron only we started service at Neelagiri and Cbe. We start work either collectively or Individually (for eg, in Gokul’s case at KMCH,  when i got a call from his relative , i immediately went there and adviced them not to leave and guided them as to how to handle the situation till we members come together after discussion; i called for a meeting of our members immediately; 20 people gathered. Then planned protest in spite of police threat and 400 people (not only baduga but ALL people) gathered .........and the story you know....... why i say this is that we serve individually also and  this is informed to the members later. You know our service here ..... medical camps; around 35 free heart operations, other kidney and knee operations....etc, helped deserving and very poor students, etc,..... even some non-members contributed first and in meantime became members. We start the work,say medical camp,  (for eg, one great heart donated rs. 25000 towards food at the 2 day medical camp and then he sent 1000 as life membership.) Still there are people to find fault with-it is quit natural, especially among our people –hottekitchu(jealousy) is the only factor which degraded our peoples good name for ‘hospitality’.  Now-a days the percentage of such people are on the decline, i think. Any how we are serving and serving –it is the only mottoe , what ever may be the distractions by the negtive forces. God bless you, brother. I appreciate your query because only he who has interest asks. I have not explained in detail; WHAT I REVEALED IS A LITTLE PART ONLY. And i dont say we are the only people serving.
  There are so many serving people either individually or in the name of some organisations. Eg-
  The old age home run by a great man, Gava trust, etc, some are doing very silently. I feel, we are nothing in front of those selfless serving people. I PRAY THE ALMIGHTY TO GIVE STRENGTH, HEALTH AND PROSPERITY TO ALL THE PEOPLE WHO SERVE (according to their capacity ) THE HUMANITY.
 Thank you once again for giving me an opportunity to brief you. Due to pressing work and some time-bound project works,  i could not  write to you immediately.  Love is God; don't loose humanity.
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 half an hour Speech, at the Seminar on The Equality and Rights of languages (demanding medium of instruction in Mother tongue) at Bengaluru (Feb 21):--
Top of Form
Ee Sarvadhaesa Owve Baashe’ jena mandhaga, Indhiyaana halavangadha edegOndha bandhibba, halavangadha baashegodha ANNa Thammanavakkaga enna manathumbidha kaimugigeya haegeendane.
My heartfull PraNaam to all my dear brothers and sisters from different parts of
India representing different languages. For the past one and half days many have talked
in detail of the importance of Mother Tongue. One brother representing Telugu rightly
mentioned that there is no point in arguing as to whose language is first /second etc,
Have anyone of you heard about a language born in the yesteryears or 10 years back?
After man’s settlements following grand migrations, no new language has born; instead many have died down and many are at the verge of disappearance. So there is no point in arguing about the antiquity of languages- every one is ancient and TO BE PRESERVED.
Man was nothing but a two legged animal, when he was born 20 lacks of years before in the western Africa, Mesapatomia & Anatolia area around the Mediterranean sea; no friends, no family and no language to talk; he was always on the move like animals in search of food.
Only after lacks of years- and around 2 lacks of years back (compare 20 lacks with just
2 lacks) –i.e, we may say comparatively recentl- the human animals migrated to far off places to present day Mangolian area, areas in present Afgan, present Indian subcontinent. Still lacks of years later only he started settling at various places and started interacting with fellowbeing with some sort of sign languages. Then slowly the oral languages (different sound structures unique to particular settled population of that area) developed still later, say around 10thousand years back(no one can demarkate the time exactly). Still later say around 5 or 6thousand years back only script like drawings developed.
Now let us come to the Main subject:-
The mother tongue aids the people of any language in absorption of any subject easily
And naturally. Not only that, it also aids in learning as many languages as possible.
When ‘other’ language is used, it get mixed with the mothertongue and the original words
of mothertongue are distorted and become extinct in course of time.Those who study in
other languages does not do well either in that language or in his own language. Mother
Tongue is the IDENTITY of a community and helps in hasle free communication and
learning. So the Mothertongue of any community (whether it has script or not) should
be PRESERVED. Getting equality of rights & status and usage of it, atleast in the
primary level, as MEDIUM of instruction is one of the MEANS of preservation.
The Badugas (not Badaga) are indigenous native tribes of the Nilgiris plateau,
having a population of around 4 lackhs. In the last 20 years the population decresed
from 5 to 4 lackhs. Baduga is a general term representing different sects of it like,
KaNakka, Haaruva, Baduga(qwe), Thoreya, wodeya, Kumbara, Konga,Adhikari etc,
Now you have seen the Badugu script. This Badugu script was inveted in
1968 , taught at the village-Mel Hosahatty, experimented, modified and taught. In those
days, due to lack of transportation, we used to travel to nearby villages by walk only;In
that way i taught in some nearby villages then- ofcourse some 5 to 10 persons only
used to learn in each village, in those days.The written materials including 1st std,
books were distributed to some Baduga Assosiations, like in Ooty, Gudalur and in
functions also.
In 1980s a resolution was passed in the Gudalur Baduga Assn, to get reco-
-gnition from Govt, and GBA wrote to the collector of Nilgiris and also met him.
Due to lack of communication media(as available now) it was not followed up till
8 years back, when the previous CM, responded positively. In 1991 the script was
exposed to the public, through the News paper- Dina Thandhi. Seeing that 15 people
studied via correspondence. At that time therewas no phone and TV. But they studied
via Post only.They used to write to me in Badugu only; still i have preserved them.
In 2012, the President of Erode Baduga Assn, sri Sathu (now, G.M. of Corpora-
-tion bank at Mangaluru) invited me for a function at Coimbatore and introduced to
the outside people by uploading the script and other writings in FB. Only after that
many (including the Badugaru in foreign countries) studied via FB. The Dubai Baduga
Assn, invited me in Dec, 2014 for a month, and i taught there also(on Fridays) at four
places in UAE. Some who studied here in Cbe, took me to villages and we taught in
around 50 villages. Some of them also teach ON THEIR OWN without my aid or presence.
I collected old Badugu words also over 5 years through 80’s and arranged in
alphabetical order for Dictionary. 8 or 9 years back, wrote Badugu Grammar in 2
parts after working for 4 years. One sri Raja (an exservice man) of Attuboilu village
developed a font, based on Kannada unicode, in 2013 (he did not learn from me; he
learned the script via FB only). Now 1 and ½ years back, another font based on
Devanagari unicode was developed by Prof. K.P.Rao of Manipal university. Now a
days some started USING it by stickers on vehicles and tattooing in the script etc, And
so far 8 persons have printed their Marriage invitations in Badugu script. Some printed
notices for festivals etc, One, Vishal from Kodagu also printed some invitations in
Badugu for distribution to his Baduga friends. Two have used it in name boards;
Vasantham TV(a local Tv in Nilgiris ) also erected their Nameboard in Badugu script.
Our language, Badugu, has unique sounds like Qwa, Gwa, fu’’, And some
words are there to represent slight different states of a thing and relations. For e.g.,
Haalu represents generally milk. But for the milk which is extracted for the FIRST
time from a cow which gave first birth is called “Kanne kadsu haalu’’; and the part
of the fresh milk extracted and before boiling is called ‘GiNNe haalu’.
The culture of Baduga is also very unique- The rituals like that on birth, naming
and the ritual at the time of attaining 7th month of pregnancy (only at that time the
Mangal thread is tied accross the bride); ‘thali’ was not used in olden marriage
ritual. But now a days they are not used and instead the aliegn cultures are followed,
due to the dominance of other cultures. The unique and lengthy rituals in death
ceremoney, treating the dead as a saint and the special prayers at the death ceremoney
-mentioning all the sins one do and repenting for that are unique to them. This prayer
at death is a way of educating other mortals to shun sinful activities and greed.
They had rich knowledge of plants, trees, fruits etc, and named each one of
them. They had their own knowledge of Traditional medicines. Their traditional
knowledge of stars, the movement of some of the stars, the moon and sun are
awestrucking. They had their own calculation of months; they based it on the movment
and position of moon in relation to sun and on the appearance and positions of some stars.
The new-moon day was fixed as the first day of the Badugu month; then the ‘Monday’
that comes after the cresent is seen –ie, one or two days from that newmoon day is
fixed for festivals. The first recorded history of Baduga king was of Kala raja who
ruled from Kookal fort, in 1000 AD. He defeated the invading chieftain of Hoysala
king 2times and on the third occation his son fought and lost.
Only after the invasion of British- John sullivan- after 1800(ie, after the defeat
of Tippu at Srirangapatna) the Badugas were exposed to formal education; and the
British established roads to Mettupalayam in coimbatore dist, and the aligne cultures
and language affected the delicate and unique Baduga culture and the unique language.
Now the youngsters are not talking proper Badugu; they even do not know some of
the often used Badugu words.
I strongly believe that TO PRESERVE A LANGUAGE and COMMUNITY
THEY SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO LEARN IN THEIR OWN MOTHER TONGUE
AT LEAST UPTO PRIMARY LEVEL IN SCHOOLS IN THEIR NATIVE PLACE,
USING THEIR OWN SCRIPT . 1st std, books were already prepared and distributed;
Now we have the materials for 2nd and 3rd std,; will prepare upto 6th . This is for your
Information.
Ofcourse from 2nd or 3rd std, one language subject of the Regional language can be
Introduced and from 4th one subject of Inglish can also be introduced.
I strongly recomend the inclusion of this demand of medium of instruction in Mother
Tongue of the natives in the Bengaluru charter of demands-2018.
Thank you all for having given this opportunity to express our views.

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      [Badugu is a musical divine language and spoken by the Badugaru(Badugas). Baduga/ baduga community includes All the Different Sects., {{ (qwae baduga, haaruva, thoreya), adhikari, kaNakka, odeya, kumbaara/konga, beLLala(veLLala...), baedru }}. Their culture and customs(differe a little among the different sects) were appreciated by Unesco.  We will
follow the ‘Righteous’ path of the ancestors and should preserve the Language and good habits &culture which is in unison with nature.
    And we Badugas take oath to speak in Badugu and to write in Badugu and will use it and USE it. 

I wish to post a series of my memoirs in this forum. Here is the first episode.
1. A FEW OLD MEN
I remember it was some time during the early eighties, an elderly gentleman in a Khadi suit and a Congress cap visited my grandfather (maternal). I was in my early teens then. For his age he was an agile man with contagious enthusiasm. He had great passion for Badagas and our culture. He along with my grandfather and a few others founded the Nilgiri Badaga Mahajana Sangha. They were already 'old' men by then. They were in their seventies (if my memory serves me right). However, the service that they rendered in a decade or so after they formed the organisation was outstanding to say the least. Just a few old men brought about a great difference in the lives of a few Badaga Hamlets in the remote reaches of Sathyamangalam district. What we Badagas today know as Mel Seemay. One of the major services they did was to start the first ever elementary school. Age caught up with them and they had to leave things as they were and reached their heavenly abode.
Years later the seeds that they sowed found new lease of life when a few Badaga youngsters rediscovered the lost brethren,( thanks to modern social media), and Badaga Mahajana Sangha was reborn.
PS: The man in the Khadi suit was KP Raju Gowder, Kadasolai village.

My grandfather (also always in Khadi) was MK Nanja Gowder, Ex MP, Achanakal village.

The nondescript man wearing a sweater and partially hidden behind the children, standing on one leg, is the son of Ayya KP Raju Gowder and brother of Yogesh Raj Kadasoley. The first volunteer teacher of BMS.

The youngsters I mentioned are the pillars of BMS today.( I don't wish to name them as they are all great leaders in their own right 😊)



I look forward to post my next episode tomorrow.
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A SMALL GIST ON BADUGA MAHAJANA SANGHA WORK FOR LAST 7 YEARS :

01. Melseemey a baduga hatties in Hasanur was under severe threat by Middlemen who were the dictators for decades for their agri and our ppl were victimised for their interest rates and we played a major role in funding them without interest and direct market of their products without Middlemen commission and they started making income out of their hard work .

02. Hethey habba was organised grandly and we sponsored blankets , grocesseries and we invited and raised fund for their need and many hatty ppl came and took the blessings of Maasi Hethey.

03. When school kids were stopped their schoolings after 8th as there is no schools near by and jus one bus in the morning and one in the evening , this made cause for early marriage for girl child and we paid one lakh for upgradation of schools, three time bus services in morning and eve and one staff is their first Govt employee the conductor of that bus , hence the education system and early marriage was abolished .to the maximum .

03. Few girls were sponsored and gave full education with hostel in a girls school and boys came out in flying colours to join first time college and few got admission in engineering college and the result is now we have first time graduates and one guy has proudly left to Dubai after his BE .

04. Had few medical camps there and took care of their health .

05. In Punanjanoor hethey gudi was not completed for decades and we pitched in and completed with so many well wishers here in jut 4 months time and hethey habba was celebrated in such a grand way in Karnataka .
Part 2 will be continued !   -  by Rajkumaar, Naduhatti  
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My Memoirs. Episode 2.-    by  Bygamund R Padmanabhan
 IN PURSUIT OF A BADAGA SCRIPT
MK Nanja Gowder's affinity and services to Mel Seemay and The Nilgiris long preceded the formation of BMS. I've heard from my aunts that he once left his daughter who was in labour at the hospital and proceeded to Mel Seemay as it was a priority for him to complete the task of drinking water supply there. This was sometime in 1969. He was then the sitting MP of The Nilgiris. KP Raju Gowder was a great fan of Nanja ayya and his elder brother MK Bellie Gowder of Achanakal. MK Bellie Gowder was a littérateur and historian who was the first to enumerate the entire Badaga hatties, way back in the 1930s. All his works provided an authentic basis for foriegn historians of later times. Even KP Raju ayya's 13 issues of the 'Aaryichi' was largely based on MK Bellie ayya's works.
KP Raju ayya's reverence for Nanja ayya and Bellie ayya motivated him to carryout several initiatives in the welfare of Badagas. One of the pioneering initiatives was the Badaga script. I was introduced to the first Badaga script invented by Yogesh Raj Kadasoley way back in 1986, much before I even met him. The script itself was a result of years of research and hardwork. I remember it was a pleasant autumn morning in 1986, when KP Raju ayya walked into our home with his usual perky demeanor. With great enthusiasm he presented the manuscript of the Badaga script developed by his son, who was then working in a bank in Gudalur, to my grandfather Nanja ayya. At that point in time I was a bit amused also at the same time was mighty impressed by the passion and long standing dedication shown towards the work by his son Yogesh.
Decades later when I first met Yogesh anna, the same passion towards the script and the glitter in his eyes when we spoke about it was amazingly intact. Even today, after 50 years of his pioneering effort, his relentless pursuit of perfection is fascinating. His eyes light up, almost like the movie character Chandramukhi, when he speaks about his lifetime passion - Badugu Baré.
We all fondly call this affable man as 'baathiyaru'. Long live Baathiyaru. Long live your Badugu baré. May Hethé and Ayya bless your efforts with sweet results for posterity.
SINGARA AAGILI !
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meaning of this poem:-  The cow's milk gives one strength; and the milk of 'Dhesi cow' (native Indian cow)'s milk is superior and gives more strength and health. But does it equal that of the mother. You learn as many languages as possible; it enables the development of more nerve joints in the brain. But by whatever language one learns, he/she absorbes  or learns  the same in his/her own mothertongue, unknowingly/naturally; also thinks in one's own tongue. You learn Inglish or French etc, but observe -in which tongue you absorb.Talk in your mother tongue first. Learn many languages from today.
    On this celebration day i Wish you All ,  " Happy International Mother tongue-day"  (on 21/2/2019)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                  In 1991, when ther was no mobiles and tv........                 It was in 1991- on seeing our BADUGU script & address (in those days- no phone, tv etc)in Thandhi news paper, 15 students studied through CORRESPONDRNCE(inland letters and envelopes); 14 from KOTHAGITI area and one tamilian from Avinasi. Yesterday at the Adopted Govt school (Dheenhatty) after my speech, one came and hugged me and told with overwhelming joy that he is so happy to see me in person for the first time and told that he was one of the 1991-CORRESPONDENCE STUDENT- Sivaraj (I had such experience with another old student, 3 years back at Beragani festival and another one through my tv program at Kothagiri,). My EYES WERE FILLED WITH JOY- Oh, a gap of 26 years and seeing each other for FIRST time. The more happy news are he is regularly in touch with the Badugu script and now is teaching in this school. (He is from Selakore).    
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Ancient-Badugas’ (Qwae Baduga’s) marriages:
  In ancient times, when the bride is selected, the ‘fixing’ ritual, called “ungara maNi kattOdhu” was performed. It is a simple
    ritual:- minimum 5 or 7 (single digit) close relatives (including one or two ladies) of the bridegroom go to the village of the   bride on the 
previous day night  and tie the ungara-maNi around the bride’s neck, after confirming her willingness.Then all bless
her. But before their arrival,in the evening the bride goes to all the homes in her village and get blessings from all the elders.  
       After midnight they along with bride and her relatives come back to the bridegrooms village and should reach before
 Sunrise. Before Sunrise, say by 5to 5.30 am, the bride was welcomed by the mother-in-law or any elder sister of bridegroom
 pour water on her leg and the bride enters the house- still before sunrise. There she eats, ritually, sam food(now a days rice)
 mixed with milk, in a “Gangwa”(brass plate) along with the relative ladies of bridegroom. Then she cleans the place and takes the gangwa and the mat that they sat to a nearby streem to wash. On returning she, and  3 or 5 ladies of bridegrooms village, bring fresh water in pots (keeping the pots over their heads). Then the bride & bridegroom prostrate before the elders, father-in-law, mother-in-law,  parents and all bless them. Thus the marriage was over. In those days no ‘thali’(mangalsoothra) was tied. Then all the people who have come to bless them are served food. Only relatives attended and hence there were only less than hundred people.
   When the bride gets pregnant, a ritual called “kaNNi kattOdhu’’ was performed on the 7 the month of pregnancy; in that
ritual  a long end-tied thread, usually dipped in turmeric powder,  was put over the bride like a cross-belt. 
     But now-a-days, the “ungaramaNi kattOdhu” ritual is performed like a marriage and are spending lavishly like a marriage, by rich people; and the poor also to copy them mindlessly, sell house, land etc or get loan and perform such unnecessary expenses.
 In marriage many now a days invite all the people in both villages and spend lavishly!? This unnecessary expenses has to be stopped. Also a new trend/fashion now a days is to see ‘jaadhagam’, and to fix ‘good day’and time (!??) for marriage (which was unknown even 50 years back-1970s). Now some avoid ‘chiththirai, margazi etc, But Badugaru’s months are different and in fact, the Badugu months –Koodalu, Aadhire’, Kirudheevige’ are VERY AUSPICIOUS  for marriages and other functions (though as per Tamilian calendar they come in between margazi, chiththirai,aadi). These new trends are due to the unwanted     influence of other communities’ culture and language. The old Simple and truthful Baduga customs and rituals has to be preserved by the stakeholders and well wishers; and today’s  mindless lavish expenses has to be curbed to save the poor.




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At odisa-my speech on International Mother Tongue day (video will be uploaded in You Tube, later)
Started with Badugu Antham (& i gave speech in Badugu, sparse with Hindhi , Inglish, Which was translated later in short by Ninjanth).
" NAA BADUGA; ENGA BAASHE' BADUGU. aale' illi halavangadha baashego- tamil, kOsaali, bengali, punjabi... -emba ellaa baashe' kaararugovoo bandhidhdhi. naa, Baduga, ellaa baashegogoo kaimugidhane'.
mayi' BADUGA HOON'; hamaara baashaa Badugu hai. LAEKIN, mai' sub baashOm kO praNaam karthaa hoon.
(मै बडुग हूँ; हमारा भाषा बडुगु है. लेकिन् , मै सब भाषोम् को
प्रणाम् कर्ता हुँ. )
Indhana jena, Sarvadhaesha Owve' baashe' jena. ee sarvadhaesa owve baashe jana embadhu, nanga ellaana owve baashe/maathru baashe'-ya mukyathvava arbadhugu, adhuna gaena maadOdhugoo, kaapadhugootha.
illi bandhu kuLidhibba ellaa baashekaararugo- punjabiya Joga singh avakka bandhidhdhaare', thamizna Aadhi Senthilnaadhan, innoo kOsali, banjali, bengali,Maraathi ellaagoo enna mana thumbidha
kaimugigeya haegeendane'. iththemaake' mandhava 'organise' maaduvadhu saadhaaraNa gelasa alla; idhuna organise maadidha Saketh Sahu avakkaga naa kaimugidhane'.
owve' baashe' embadhuna mukyathvava eththe haegaku-ondhu udhaaraNa haegine':- ''Dhana haalu nangaga bushti thandhara endhardho; aale' adhuna vida appara sakthi/bushti thappadhu Dhaesi-dhana haalu. Adhu appara sakthi thandara endhaleyoo,
''OWVE' HAALU''ga sama aaravaa ? sama aaga. aththe' maakketha nanga obbobbana owve' baasheyoo.
Innoo haegile': nanga kaNNu dhaari nOdi ardhano; kaNNilladhe' vishayagova grahisino endhaleyoo, kaNNu hattu vishaygova artha maaduvadhu baerethanae (osthithanae)?
aa kaNNu maakke' mukyavaadhadhu owve' bashe'.
Maathru baashaa hamaaraa 'AANK' hai. (मात्रु भाषा हमारा आन्क है. )
Owve' basheya gaena buda baaradhu.
I will give one Example also of it's importance:- 50 years ago i was studying in the village school; though it was tamil medium school,the teachers and students were all Badugas. So teachers taught only in BADUGU- talking in Badugu explained science subjects in Badugu. So i could understand easily and wrote exams easily and got good marks. In the same time some pupil studied in a school in the town and told that they could not understand the subjects.
But when i taught them, the same (in village) in Badugu, they exclaimed ,"oh, now i can understand easily !" ! and got good marks - HOW ? it is because of the power of the Mother Tongue- Owve baashe'.
Owvebaashe' moolyavaagitha Oge' grahisino.
Nanga aena baasheyOge maaththaadileyoo, adhuna nangagOge' grahisi manasugeththOdhu (nangaga ariyaadheyae) owve' basheyOgetha. adhunandha owve' baasheya dhaaroo gaena buda koodaadhu.
KALLIVI; ellaa baashegova kallivi; thamiz kallivi, Badugu kallivi, Odiyaa, kOsaali, Bengaali,.......ellaa kallivi. ELLAA Baashegovavoo kappadhu olliththu- mooLe' vruthi aara. AALE' ,
ninga ninga owve' baasheyO aaduvadhuna, UpayOga maaduvadhuna buttoodagi.
HindhiyOge haegile',
"kOsaali padO, Hindhi padO, Badugu padO, Odiyaa padO,....
Laekin, aapkaa maathrubaashaa mai' bOlnaa nahee' chOdO".
(कोसालि पढो, हिन्दि पढो, बडुगु पढो, ओडिया पढो......
लेकिन्, आप्का मात्रु भाषा नहीँ चोडो.)
Ee mandhadhO maaththaadOdhuga sandharpa thandha ningellaagoo enna mana thumbidha kaimugigeya haegeendane'.
eega, Nijanth avakka ee maaththa 2 nimishadhO, kurukkavaagi InglishdhOge' translate maadali- he will translate in short in Inglish"' } When Nijanth transtalted, it was simultaneously translated into KOsali language also by a kOsali translater.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
the same in INGLISH:-
{''' I am Baduga; our language is Badugu. I, Baduga, respect and
salute all the languages.
On this day of International Mother tongue day we have to remember our mother tongue's importance and should use it and protect it. Here many representing different languages of Indhia have
come; Joga singh of Punjabi has come; Aazi senthilnathan of Tamil has come; kOsaali, banjali, bengali, Marathi.... etc, have come; i salute all the Languages. It is not an easy job to organise such a grand function; i salute Saketh sahu, who has toiled hard to organise this well.
Understand the importance of Mother tongue. Cow's milk gives strengnt to all; and Desi-cow's milk gives still More energy. But does they equal one's mother's milk? never. Mother tongue is like mother's milk. Also it is equal to the eyes, which help in absorbing knowledge more easily. So never leave mother tongue and don't forget to talk and USE your own mother tongue at any time.
I will give one more example of its importance:- when i was studying in Village school, 50 years back, all the teachers and students were only Badugas; so, though it is a tamil medium school, the teachers taught and explained the science subjects in Badugu only.So i could understand easily and got good marks in exams. But some pupil who studied in town told that they could not understand the subjects; when i taught/Explained them the same (in village) in Badugu, they exclaimed "ho, now we understood well; thank you''.
How it became possible? it is because of the power of Mother tongue. By whatever language,one study, it is being 'absorbed' into the mind, unknowingly, Only through your mother tongue. So do not forget your mother tongue.
Learn kOsali, learn Badugu, learn punjabi, learn tamil, Hindhi......
LEARN AS MANY LANGUAGES AS POSSIBLE; IT IS GOOD FOR THE MIND'S DEVELOPMENT. BUT NEVER LEAVE YOUR M.T. DON'T FORGET TO TALK, WRITE AND USE YOUR OWN MOTHER TONGUE.
I thank you all for having given this opportunity to express my thoughts here. Now Nijanth will translate my speech in short in Inglish. "'}
(The sentence above in capital letters was highlighted and quoted in Odisha watch - visit the link :-
http://odishawatch.in/learn-as-many-languages-as-possible-…)                 

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