VARIOUS INFORMATIONS gathered in ONGoing research-....

             
various informations gathered in research-ongoing
             
     There were 14 villages (including KadasOle', Kookallu) of 'Thoodagooru people', before  Kaala's
period. Kaala raaja ruled from Kookkal fort in 1010 AD. Thoodagooru area was called the "maamoole' seeme' ", meaning the ancient area. They are the desendents of  'Seepura ayya'.
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Chinna/Sinna (?) kunnooru  comprises of 8 villages:
 The main or original ooru are three:- 1. kunnooru oorhatti, where one of the 7 amma temples (the other 6 temples are at the western foot hills areas, like Aanikallu maaramma gudi, Bokkepura amma gudi etc, ) is there; it is Chikkamma gudi. (gudi- temple).
 2. BaramaNNu, 3. KONangahatti. These three are of brothers and hence they are ''ooravakka''.
In four other  villages ''nattru''(those who are  Not brotherly related to the ooravakka) are there:
 (4)moththakambe', (5)kengaalu [ people refered in  (4) & (5) came from Paeranganaadu ];
  (6)kOkalu(kOkudlu) -people who have come from Kadenaadu and settled here;
  (7)hosahatti -(these people are called 'naagaramudiyavakka' who came from Ebbanaadu;
  (8)bendhhatti (Mixed settlement of  people of Kadanaadu, Ebbanaadu, Paeranganaadu).
 But the festival at Oorhatti is celebrated be all these villages.
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   The river called ''Dhodda HaLLa'' runs through C.kunnooru;it originates(at present forest gate) near DhaavhaNe'. It then goes through near Ebbanaadu  and goes down merging with many other rivers and reaches 'Kooduthore' at 'MOyaaru seeme'  and then flows through Aanegatti joining with MOyaar river.
    The Qwae Badugas  mention  ''7 Amma gudigo'' (7 amma temples) as below:
 1. Maaramma gudi (at c.kunnooru Ooru hatti on above the plateu ); here a rare phenomena is practiced- Thoreya from nearby has been engaged for the ritual called ''kaggalu karuvadhu''(chanting of a prayer at Dhevva festival on the Dhevva festival-festival of harvest).
  [6 temples are at down north on the plains-MOyaaru seeme; people of various hatties on the plateau  go down to these temples through the thick forests once a year. But on other times the temples are being allowed to be maintained and pooja performed by the kasava/iruLa tribes at those places. And some Baduga people have their 'emmhatty' there where they reared herd mainly of baffalows . ]
 2. Aanikallu amma gudi (belongs to Ebbanaadu people; Ebbanaadu is at above the plateau, but the temple is at Aanegatti in the plains- north of Ebbanaadu)
 3. Bokkapura amma gudi (belongs to ShOluru people;  their emmhatti is also there; they also cultivated there; this is near Masinigudi area. For the festival the ShOluru people go there down from their hatti at above the plateau through the forest where the foot path was constructed with stones thousands of years ago; a two hours walk.)
 4. SokkanahaLLi gudigo ; two temples are there one belong to Badugas of  Hullhaththi and the other belongs to  odeyas of odeyarhatti(near kadanaadu, haNNikore). They go down through kalhatti.
 5. Siriyooru amma gudi (belongs ot kookkalthore people).
 6. Chikkamma gudi (annual festival  performed by Thorehatti people, especially the ancestors of late Linga ayya family, who have been living at MOyaar) -it is located in between Masinigudi and MOyaaru. 
 7. BaNNaari amma gudi - it is not known why this is mentioned, because there is no mention of control by Baduga; it is under the control of kannadiga gowndas, though badugas also visit there. 


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 Role of thoreyaru & thatta(gold smith) with Badugaru of Ebbanaadu & C.Kunnooru:-
 It is said that when the qwae Baduguas came they also brought thoreyas and a few haaruvas. Thoreyas settled nearby Baduga village. Haaruvas were engaged only for performing poojas. Thoreyas were engaged in works at field and other helps like messengers, etc,
 But  the Thoreyaru Near Ebbanaadu and Maavukallu near Kadanaadu  have been engaged by the Badugas for helping the 'poojaari'(peiest) in the temples of Ebbanaadu and Kadanaadu on festival times; but they were not allowed to perform the poojari's  role.
A rare phenomena is practiced at C.Kunnooru Dhevva habba(festival of harvest)- Thoreya from nearby has been engaged for the ritual called ''kaggalu karuvadhu''(chanting of a prayer at Dhevva festival on the Dhevva festival); but here also thoreyas are restricted to the role of ''kaggalu karuvadhu'' only and other helps.
   Some "Thatta" (gold smith) families(they are not Badugas; they are believed to be telugu) have been kept in the village of C.Kunnooru & ebbanadu from ancestral times. The thattas have been  engaged for smith works at temple; they also make the temple & sila related ornaments and for repairing them.
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      MaagaaLi festival and fire-walking in Thodhanaadu:-
          The festivals at these temples are conducted one after another. It is said the first is started at C.Kunnooru. This festival starts by friday and ends on Tuesday morning. The main celebration is on Monday. At Aanegatti & Siriyooru fire walking also performed on Monday.
    On the coming sundays Hebbanaadu, Iduhatti, KaavilOre' villages(Badugaru)  celebrate the MaagaaLi festival and after the festival only they take non-veg.
   Also fire walking is performed at these vilalges.
  But at KaavilO're' village a rare practice is performed; children, even those from viewers are allowed to walk on fire; mainly children walk on fire at KaavilOre'.
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   The old name of today's Jhonson sqare is  ''aNe'kambe ''. 
   The old name of todays's Raamchandh is ''mandhakambe''    (.........hatties were around there). ?
   Kuppatte'kambe' was near Raamchandh. 
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   The Seven (Qwae) Baduga brothers with family,  a sister,  and a Thoreya family who came from     Thalamale' to Baetti haada(BaetLuhaada) via Bhavani, Kare mora maedu(karamade). 
          (Note:- Different Qwae Badugua families, on different times arrived via various routes thousands of years back, and settled at various places at north of Neelagiri. They were not related). 
   Thanks to Wingcommander Jeyaprakash, Hubbadhale, for providing the access to the following information- (only one of the branches of the history of Badugas) by Bokkaemadha gowda of Naduhatti(kOthagiri), around  hundred years back.